Give your worms a cup of fresh water. The worms had a long journey. To protect them, we package them in peat moss. But the peat moss can dehydrate them. So the first thing you'll want to do is pour 1 cup of water inside the worm sack. This will help your worms bounce back after their journey, and retain their size and health.
Introduce the worms to their new home. By now, you probably know where you want to place your new friends. The best way to introduce them is to place them on top of the compost or soil. Never bury a worm. You'll want to do this during the day, while there is daylight. The worms don't like light, and that will force them to bury into their new home. If you try doing this during the night, they may get tenacious and try to crawl around.
If you need to wait before introducing them to their new home, make sure you give them their water. But keep them in the worm sack that they are shipped in. Then keep the worms at temperatures between 80 and 40 degrees F. There is enough food in the worm sack. And as long as you give them water, and store them at those temperatures, they'll be ok for another 48 hours.
KEY STEPS TO AVOID:
Don't feed your worms meat or dairy products. The worms won't eat this material. What will happen is the meat or dairy will rot, and attract other creatures that will cause harm to your worms.
Don't feed your worms anything with citrus. The worms don't like acidic soil. So oranges, lemons, limes, pineapples, etc will harm your worms. Coffee grounds and vegetables typically work the best. But those aren't the only things to feed them.
If keeping them indoors, you may need to keep a light on. The worms don't like light, and that will force them to stay inside their new home. However, after the transit they may be a little tenacious, and may try to crawl from their enclosure. So keep that light on for a few days, until they adapt to their new environment.
Don't overfeed your worms. If you give the worms more food then they can handle, the excess food will start to break down naturally, which generates heat. That heat will cause your worms to flee from the area.
Worms can't live in their own excrement. You're probably trying to get some worm castings, which is great! But just like anything, the worms can't live in this. So make sure you're changing their soil as they start to churn great worm castings. Peat moss is an excellent bedding material for the worms.
The soil needs to be damp; similar to a damp sponge.
If you follow these key tips, you'll be harvesting great compost in no time!